Do website designers need how to code? That’s a no — probably. After all, their job is to design a site, not make it functional. But in order to get the full control of your work, it is crucial to push your boundaries. That means you’ll need to learn how to code to bring your website to life.

Although it is not necessary for web designers to code, this will allow them to create a live website without needing to call a web developer. If you are a web designer and you’ve never done programming before, the process can be quite intimidating. But don’t get troubled. Here will show you the things you should know about programming.

Front End and Back End: The Differences 

The front end is a part of the site that viewers commonly see. To put simply, it is the appearance of the website. The back end, on the other hand, composed of all the data stored on the website, including images, server, and other important components. To make that short and simple, front end is the design while the back end is the code behind the design. Developing the front end is done in CSS, HTML, and JavaScript, while the backend development requires SQL, Java, PHP, Python, and Java for programming.

Your goal here is to understand how the design translates into a program. You don’t really need to learn all the programming languages if your objective not to be a full stack web developer.


HTML or HyperText Markup Language is responsible for the design of your site. This particular programming language is easy to learn, so understanding it should not be a problem even when you don’t have any programming experiences yet. Each component in HTML can be used to enhance the appearance of a website such as this one These components are called an element, which includes images, text, and animations.


Some prefer to put the HTML content and CSS together, while others prefer to separate them as it’s easy to change one without messing things up. Separating HTML and CSS works well, especially for big websites that comprised of multiple pages. Similar to HTML, CSS is also easy to understand. Cascading Style Sheet adds style to a website — that includes font types, font sizes, and colors.


No website is completed without JavaScript. This is what allows you to have interactive elements on your website. Contact forms, auto-fill fields, image carousels are some of the things that are based on JavaScript. This programming language can also be used to change the content of the HTML.

So, there you have it! As a designer, you don’t really need to know how to program or code. But taking some effort to learn the basics of developing a site will enable you to create unique design possibilities, which will improve your designing skills. You’ll also be able to interact with developers much easier and better.

Guide to Programming: Web Designer’s Edition